New Americans in United States of America

Overview

Immigrant share of population
Immigrant residents

Immigrant spending power

Immigrant taxes paid

Data year

Demographics

In the United States, immigrants are more likely to be working-age than their U.S.-born counterparts. This means they are more likely to be active in the labor force, allowing them to contribute to the economy not only as consumers but also as taxpayers, helping fund social services and programs like Medicare and Social Security.

Age Group Foreign-Born Population U.S.-Born Population
0-15
16-64
65+
Share of total population who are U.S.-born residents with at least one immigrant parent

Share of immigrant women

Share of immigrant men

Number of immigrant children

Number of U.S.-born residents with at least one immigrant parent

Foreign-born, share proficient in English

Top countries of origin for immigrants

Entrepreneurship

It is hard to overstate the importance of entrepreneurship since new businesses are the main driver of job growth in the United States. Immigrants play a particularly important role in this—founding businesses at far higher rates than the U.S. population overall. Today, millions of American workers are employed at immigrant-founded and immigrant-owned companies.

Share of entrepreneurs who are immigrants

Immigrant entrepreneurs

Total business income of immigrant entrepreneurs

TAXES & SPENDING POWER

Immigrant households contribute hundreds of billions of dollars in federal, state, and local taxes and hold a tremendous amount of spending power. This gives them significant economic clout, helping support local communities as consumers and taxpayers. Like all residents of the United States, regardless of where they were born, immigrants make use of public services like education, healthcare, and public safety. Even with these costs, however, immigrants’ economic contributions far outweigh the cost of additional public services they incur.

Immigrant household income
Total spending power
State & Local Taxes Paid
Federal Taxes Paid
Total Taxes Paid

Workforce

The growth in the immigrant population has helped to strengthen America’s labor force. As baby boomers retire, younger immigrants are filling crucial gaps in the market. Nationally, immigrants are more likely to hold an advanced degree than the U.S.-born. They are also more likely to have less than a high school education. As such, this allows them to fill critical shortages at both ends of the skill spectrum, from high-tech fields to agriculture, hospitality, and service industries.

Share of workers in the labor force who are immigrants

Number of immigrant workers in the labor force

Educational Attainment by Nativity, Age 25+

Education Level Foreign-Born Population U.S.-Born Population
Less Than High School
High School & Some College
Bachelor’s Degree
Graduate Degree

TOP INDUSTRIES WITH HIGHEST SHARE OF IMMIGRANT WORKERS

IMMIGRANT SHARE OF POPULATION -

TOP OCCUPATIONS WITH HIGHEST SHARE OF IMMIGRANT WORKERS

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math

Jobs in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields are some of the most in-demand occupations in the U.S. economy. These jobs are also expected to experience some of the highest growth rates in the next decade, second only to healthcare jobs. While immigrants already play a huge part in maintaining the United States’ role as a leading innovator, they will also be instrumental in helping high-tech industries meet their full potential as their needs for high-skilled STEM workers increase rapidly in the future.

Share of STEM workers who are immigrants

Healthcare

As millions of baby boomers become elderly, the U.S. healthcare system is facing unprecedented demand, adding jobs faster than any other segment of the economy. Many healthcare businesses and providers are struggling to find enough workers, and in some rural areas shortages are particularly acute. Immigrants have already been filling some of our most glaring healthcare needs. They are twice as likely as the U.S.-born to work as home health aides, but also twice as likely to be physicians and surgeons.

Housing

Immigrant families have long played an important role in helping to build housing wealth in the United States. In recent decades, the more than 40 million immigrants collectively increased U.S. housing wealth by trillions of dollars. Much of this was possible because immigrants moved into neighborhoods once in decline, helping to revitalize communities and make them more attractive to U.S.-born residents.

Immigrant homeowners

Share of recent homebuyers who were foreign-born

Housing wealth held by immigrant households

Amount paid by immigrant-led households in rent

International Students

International students in the United States contribute tens of billions of dollars to the U.S. economy every year and support a significant number of U.S. jobs through their tuition payments and day-to-day spending. Research has also found that increases in the number of international students at American universities boost innovation and patent creation.

Students at U.S. colleges and universities who are international students

Economic contribution of international students

Jobs supported by international students

Naturalization & Voting Power

As more immigrants naturalize and become eligible to vote, they continue to gain political power. The number of immigrant voters is only projected to rise in the next decade, but in some states foreign-born voters are already capable of deciding elections.

Share of all immigrants who are naturalized U.S. citizens

Immigrants eligible to vote

Number of immigrants who are naturalized U.S. citizens

Number of immigrants who are eligible for naturalization

Undocumented Immigrants

The presence of the significant number of undocumented immigrants in the United States, most of whom have lived in the country for more than five years, poses many legal and political challenges. But while politicians continue to debate what to do about illegal immigration, millions of undocumented immigrants are working across the country, contributing billions of dollars to the U.S. economy.

Share of undocumented immigrants who are working age

Number of undocumented immigrants

Undocumented entrepreneurs
Undocumented household income
Total spending power
State & Local Taxes Paid
Federal Taxes Paid
Total Taxes Paid
Number of U.S. citizens living with at least one undocumented family member
Share of U.S. citizens living with at least one undocumented family member
Number of U.S. citizen children living with at least one undocumented family member
Share of U.S. citizen children living with at least one undocumented family member
Number of U.S. citizen children living with at least one undocumented parent
Share of U.S. citizen children living with at least one undocumented parent

THE DACA-ELIGIBLE POPULATION

DACA-eligible people contribute billions of dollars to the U.S. economy. Removing the protections afforded to DACA recipients will likely upset local economies, communities, and schools, hurting employers and businesses that depend on these young immigrants as workers and customers.

Share of DACA-eligible population in labor force that is employed

Number of DACA-eligible residents

Number of DACA-eligible entrepreneurs
DACA-eligible household income
Total spending power
State & Local Taxes Paid
Federal Taxes Paid
Total Taxes Paid

Number of active DACA recipients

Number of people with DACA granted

Number of additional residents who would satisfy all but the educational requirements for DACA

Number of additional residents who would become eligible for DACA as they grow older

Refugees

Refugees living in the United States make tremendous contributions to our economy as earners, taxpayers, and consumers. Rather than a drain on communities, refugees, with their high employment rate and entreprenuerial spirit, actually sustain and strengthen their new hometowns.

Share of likely refugees, employed

Number of likely refugees

Number of refugee entrepreneurs

Total business income of refugee entrepreneurs
Refugee household income
Total spending power
State & Local Taxes Paid
Federal Taxes Paid
Total Taxes Paid

Temporary Protected Status Holders

Recipients of Temporary Protected Status (TPS) have made enormous contributions to various industries and paid a significant amount in federal, state, and local taxes in the United States. Forcing them to leave the country not only risks putting these individuals in danger, but also threatens to significantly disrupt local economies.

Share of TPS holders who are working age

Number of TPS holders

Share of TPS holders in labor force, employed
TPS household income
Total spending power
State & Local Taxes Paid
Federal Taxes Paid
Total Taxes Paid